Usage of Pgrep, pkill, kill and jobs

Example 1 :

1) As the root user, create a job running in the background of your current terminal. Execute the script for that program process to be created.

[root@localhost]# (while true; do echo "My program" > ~/output.file; done) &


2) View the current jobs running in the background of your terminal.

[root@localhost ~]# jobs

[1]-  Running   ( while true; do< echo -n "My program" >> ~/output.file; done ) &


3) Stop the process from running, without killing the process, using the kill command.

[root@localhost]# kill -SIGSTOP %1 (%1 is the job number, if the job was 2 it would be %2)


4) View the stopped jobs in the background.

[root@localhost ~]# jobs

[1]+  Stopped     ( while true; do echo -n "My program" >> ~/output.file; done ) &


5) Start the process again using the kill command.

[root@localhost]# kill -SIGCONT %1


6) Kill the process without allowing any blocking of the kill command.

[root@localhost]# kill -SIGKILL %1


Example 2 :


1) Download and install the httpd service.

[root@localhost]# yum install httpd


2) Start the httpd service (or ensure that it is running).

[root@localhost]# systemctl start httpd


 3) As the root user, grep for all processes that are running as the root user and display the process names.

[root@localhost]# pgrep -u root -l


4) As the user user, start the vi program at the terminal.

[user@localhost]# vi


5) As the root user, in your second terminal window, grep for all processes running under the user "user" and include the process names.

[root@localhost ~]# pgrep -u user -l

3690 dconf-service

3694 vim

...etc additional output cut off.


6) As the root user, grep for the "httpd" process.

[root@localhost]# pgrep httpd


7) As the root user, kill all of the "user" user's processes and boot that user from the system.

[root@localhost ~]# w

 14:15:59 up 20:55,  4 users,  load average: 0.00, 0.01, 0.05


user pts/0     Mon22    2:58m  0.05s  0.05s bash

[root@localhost ]# pkill -t pts/0

This kills every process started from the user's terminal, but it does not boot the user. Now find all running processes left, which should either be Bash or SSH.

[root@localhost]# pgrep -u user

[root@localhost]# pkill -u user ssh