Using a Git Local Repository in Plesk
Create a Git Repository
To create a new Git repository for your domain, go to Websites & Domains > Git. If you have already created Git repositories for your domain via Plesk, click the Add Repository button. You will see the screen for creating a new repository:
First, you have to select where your code is stored. In this scenario, select Local repository on your workstation.
Git Repository in Plesk. Specify the repository name. By default, the name of the domain is used with the .git suffix.
In the Your Website section, specify the following:
- The deployment mode. By default, the Automatic deployment is used. This means that all changes pushed to the Git repository will be automatically deployed to the production site. If you want to change the deployment mode, click the automatically deployed link and select another option in the opened Deployment Mode If Manual deployment is selected, you will need to manually deploy files from the Git repository to your hosting. If No deployment is selected, the files will not be deployed to the production site (this may be used, for example, for code storing and exchange).
- A target directory for publishing Git files on your website. By default, the /httpdocs directory is used. You can change it to another existing directory by clicking the directory name.
Click OK. The new repository will be created and displayed on the Git page.
The displayed repository URL depends on the data transfer protocol that you use. You can select one of the following protocols:
- SSH (on Linux only) - This protocol is used by default if SSH web hosting access is enabled for the domain. To set SSH access to the domain, go to Websites & Domains > Web Hosting Access and in the Access to the server over SSH menu select /bin/bash or /bin/sh. In this case, the repository URL appears as email@example.com:~/repos/example.git.
- HTTPS - This protocol is used by default if SSH web access is forbidden, and SSL/TLS is configured for a domain (Hosting Settings>SSL/TLS support). In this case, the URL appears as https://firstname.lastname@example.org/plesk-git/example.git.
- HTTP - This protocol is used by default if SSH web access is forbidden, and SSL/TLS is not configured for a domain. In this case, a repository URL will appear as http://email@example.com/plesk-git/example.git.
Follow the instructions available from the Help link to initialize the local repository.
When the repository is initialized, you can see the commit information and the active branch name at Websites & Domains > Git. By default, the master branch is used to work with Plesk. You can add more branches later.
Now you can commit your web site files from your local repository and push them to the server repository.
Push and Deploy the Files
When you commit your web site files from your local repository and push them to the server repository, you can see the commit information at Websites & Domains > Git.
By default, Plesk uses the Automatic deployment mode. This means that after a file is pushed to the repository, it is immediately deployed to the target directory (you can switch off this mode if necessary).
For example, if you commit and push an index.html file with the text “Hello! Welcome to my site.” to the Git repository, you can immediately click the web site URL to see the changes.
Change Branch or Path
Deploy from a new branch
It is a normal practice to work with several branches in one repository. Only one branch can be active at one time. By default, the master branch is used for deployment.
To add one more branch, you have to create it in your local repository. For example, you can add the dev branch using the commands:
git branch dev
git checkout dev
Then commit the files to this branch and push to the server’s repository, using the commands:
git commit –m "changes to branch"
git push –u origin dev
Now you can select one of two active branches. Go to Websites & Domains > Git, click the Change branch and path link, and in the opened window select the branch name in the Branch menu.
If you select a new branch and click OK, Plesk will display the new active branch.
Change the deployment path
By default, the /httpdocs directory is used for publishing Git files on your website. If you want to change the deployment path, click the Change branch and path link, and in the opened window select the new directory. You can also create a new directory by clicking the Create New Folder button.
Select a Deploy Mode
To select a deploy mode for your repository, click Repository Settings and select one of the options under Select deploy mode:
- Automatic deployment. Plesk will immediately deploy all the changes to the production site as soon as they are pushed to the Plesk repository.
- Manual deployment. You will need to deploy files manually by clicking the Deploy from Repository button at Websites & Domains > Git. You can also manually deploy files by clicking the Deploy button next to the repository name on the Websites & Domains
- No deployment (repository hosting). Files will not be deployed to the production site. You can use this option, for example, if you want to use the Git repository just to store code.
Enable Additional Deployment Actions
In most cases, file publishing is not enough to finish web site deployment. For example, if you are using frameworks like Ruby on Rails, you may need to run a data migration task after deployment with a command like this: bin/rails db:migrate.
Plesk gives you the ability to set a number of additional actions that will be performed each time the files are deployed to the web site.
Go to Websites & Domains > Git, click Repository Settings, select Enable additional deploy actions, and specify one or more shell commands that should be run every time this repository is deployed. Each command should be started on a new line.
Note: If SSH is forbidden for the user on Linux, all the specified commands will run in a chrooted environment. The home directory of a subscription's system user is treated as the file system root for that subscription, and no executable files outside the chroot jail can be run. For example, if the path to your site is /var/www/vhosts/example.com/httpdocs, then, in a chrooted environment, the path will be ./httpdocs, so you will not be able to execute commands outside one level above the /httpdocs directory.
View Commit Logs
To view the whole commit history for the current branch, go to Websites&Domains > Git, and click the Commit Logs link. For each commit, the following information will be displayed: time, unique identifier, user name, and the commit message. Click Refresh to update the commit log.
You can filter the commit logs by any parameter. For example, you can find all commits by a specific user starting from a particular date. Click the button, enter the search parameters, and click Search.
Rename or Remove a Repository
You can rename your repository at any moment. For example, if you have finished development, you may want to change the repository name from website-dev to website to avoid confusion. Go to Websites&Domains > Git, click Repository Settings, and enter a new name in the Repository name field.
Note that after renaming the repository, you should configure your local repository to work with the new repository URL, using the command:
git remote set-url origin [new URL]
For example, if you rename the repository from example to example1, run the command:
git remote set-url origin firstname.lastname@example.org:~/repos/example1.git
If you want to remove the repository, click the Remove Repository link at Websites&Domains > Git. In this case, Plesk will remove just the repository; the target directory with the published data will remain as it is.